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Interactive Practices on Educational Radio

From Australia to Turkey

Fırat Tufan

The main objective of this book is to propose a new interactive educational radio model for Turkey. Thus, six educational, community and university-based radio stations in Australia were researched. In terms of representing the entire country and all educational radio broadcasting practices, samples were selected from different structures and cities of Australia. After obtaining required data in the participant observation process, in-depth interviews with radio representatives were carried out. It was questioned, what the basic factors of effective educational radio stations are, how today's broadcasting technologies affect the relationship between radio and its audience and how interpersonal communication process reflects new radio broadcasting practices.

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6 New interactive possibilities and new educational radio

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6 New interactive possibilities and new educational radio

Interactive radio instruction (IRI) is a distance education system that combines radio broadcasts with active learning to improve educational quality and teaching practices (Worldbank, 2005). IRI is a unique, extensively tested, and systematically designed approach to the use of radio for educational purposes. The IRI methodology was developed by researchers at Stanford University in the early 1970s. Thanks to this technology, the chance of two-way communication and learning-teaching activities via radio have been provided to students and teachers (Ho and Thukral, 2012: 115).

IRI was implemented in the African region, especially in Kenya and Mali. IRI was first used in Africa in the 1980s to develop a Radio Language Arts (RLA) program in Kenya for first to third grades. RLA was a fully structured program that focused on stories, plays, and songs. Educational radio applications through IRI are effectively implemented in many regions of Africa (Berman, 2008: 4).

Today, the radio is still used for education by developed and developing countries. However, with the emergence and development of internet technologies, radio, today, offers much different learning and teaching services than the past. In this new case, interpersonal communication processes have been diversified, thanks to the interactive options. Radio broadcasting has also taken its share in such advantages and put it to good use.

There are many researches that show that interpersonal communication in distance education has an important role for trust building (Smith, 2008,...

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