From Australia to Turkey
The main objective of this book is to propose a new interactive educational radio model for Turkey. Thus, six educational, community and university-based radio stations in Australia were researched. In terms of representing the entire country and all educational radio broadcasting practices, samples were selected from different structures and cities of Australia. After obtaining required data in the participant observation process, in-depth interviews with radio representatives were carried out. It was questioned, what the basic factors of effective educational radio stations are, how today's broadcasting technologies affect the relationship between radio and its audience and how interpersonal communication process reflects new radio broadcasting practices.
Community radio broadcasting is a broadcasting service which offers a third radio broadcasting model in addition to commercial and public broadcasting. A community radio station is a non-profit organization that addresses a specific community and is operated by representatives of that community. Even though its programs bear a resemblance to public broadcasting, it appeals to a specific community rather than a large mass as it is the case for public broadcasting. Any individual, group, and community that is ignored or covered insufficiently by the mainstream media would find its own stories, issues, and interests on community radio stations more often.
According to the Community Broadcasting Association of Australia, Community Broadcasting is the broadest independent media industry of Australia that is deemed one of the major paragons for the long-established broadcasting practices and recognized across the world. On 23 October 2008, a set of ethical and practical codes was introduced on community radio broadcasting. In accordance with fundamental broadcasting principles that fall within this scope, community broadcasting must offer a setup that would diversify the social and cultural fabrics of the Australian society, offer various perspectives with contribution to public interest, promote identities of local communities, offer participation in line with public broadcasting principles, contribute to the diversity of media, bolster local contents, and offer unique and high-quality services and program contents. Broadcasters are responsible for complying with principles on democracy, access, and equality. Topics and communities which are not sufficiently covered by the mainstream...
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