Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil
This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.
The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.
Precedent Phenomena in the Mirror of Associations
At present, the exploration of the language that is linked to the culture of a certain nation is at the centre of linguistic attention. The origin of this tradition dates back to the time of W. von Humboldt, who claimed that language reflects the consciousness of the nation, the so-called spirit of the nation (Humboldt, 2000, p. 64). Also A. A. Potebna talks about language concealing both the spiritual and material heritage of the nation. The second half of the 20th century was a turning point in the orientation of linguistic research, because a communicative and pragmatic inversion was realized. The inversion enabled detailed analysis of the interaction between language and culture, with the result that since then philology sees language as a phenomenon of culture and a kind of cultural legacy. “Vedeckovýskumná paradigma sa mení zo štrukturalistickej na antropocentrickú a do centra pozornosti prenáša hovoriaceho človeka…” (Dulebová, 2015, p. 5). The character of a particular nation is studied by means of language. This fact supports the creation and development of bordering disciplines (e.g. psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, linguoculturology, cognitive linguistics, and pragmalinguistics). All our ideas about the world around us have an individual character and for each individual may considerably vary. The core of these stereotypical images (term Yu. Prochorov) consists of knowledge and ideas about certain phenomena that are familiar to mankind and need no further unnecessary comment. This information is situated in the cognitive base of each person, or at least at its...
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