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A Reflection of Man and Culture in Language and Literature

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Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil

This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.

The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.

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Expressing Emotions in Slovak and Romanian Proverbs and Idioms: A Comparison of the Language View of the World Reconstructed from Communication-Cultural Stereotypes and Paremiological Language Material of Two Typologically Different Languages

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Marka Bireş and Zuzana Kováčová

The socio-historical context was maintained through idioms and proverbs, through which people denoted and assessed those aspects that were, based on their preferences, considered crucial or relevant under the given circumstances.

The idiomatic richness of a national language is captured through the view mediated via language, in which perception of the outer world by the given ethnicity is reflected. It is a specific, but undoubted witness, of traditional life; it is a reflection of historical facts and culture. The view of the world inherent in the ethnicity and the associated anticipations are thus reflected in idioms and proverbs. The New Moscow School of conceptual analysis introduced a term corresponding with anticipation. In their terminology, presumption is considered one of the ways to categorize reality.

The authors Alefirenko and Korina (2011, p. 20) introduced the genesis of methodological techniques in cognitive linguistic research and performed a detailed analysis of its methodological basis. They identified common ground, which is the initial finding in cognitive linguistics of an axiomatic character: “the human mind grasps the structures of inner representation of the world through language, because language is the main representative of cognitive structures”.

N. Alefirenko (Korina et al., 2014, p. 20) strives to find methodology leading to clarification and description of sources of the narrative-discursive birth of associative-figurative meaning. He proposes a special research method, the so-called narrative-discursive method. In its essence are included the principles of hermeneutics, analysing...

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