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A Reflection of Man and Culture in Language and Literature

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Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil

This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.

The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.

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Cognitive Analysis of the Concept of Envy as an Interpretative Construct of Slovak Lingual and Cultural Society11The article was published with the financial support of the University Grant Agency of the University of Constantine the Philosopher in Nitra within the project no. I-14-213-02 “Solution of linguistic and extralinguistic means involved in the realization of the tabloid principle in Slovak print media”.

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Mária Matiová

Research of language from a cognitive standpoint appeared explicitly in linguistics in the 1980s. At the core of its focus are the processes occurring in the human mind, respectively, the question how cognitive processes are reflected in language. The basis of cognitive linguistics is the assumption that vocabulary, grammar, phraseology, semantic links between language units, etc. reflect the manner of our thinking and understanding of the world: “Cognitive linguistics are typically understood to include approaches and schools sharing the assumption that language is not an isolated human ability or an individual module, but is closely linked with other human cognitive abilities. They therefore emphasize the fact that language needs to be studied in the more general context of mental functions, but also believe that language can tell us much about the human mind” (Saicová Římalová, 2010, p. 10).

The primary premise is the belief that anthropocentrism, an also cultural and social experience, determine the manner in which we think and, subsequently, speak. Since we are human beings characterized by our physicality, senses, cognition and soul, everything we perceive passes through the filter of our anthropocentrism, our subjective experience.

J. Vaňko states that linguistics, principally cognitive linguistics, in this respect concentrates on the method of conceptualization of language categories in relation to the spiritual and physical being of people (Vaňko, 2014, p. 13). Anthropocentrism in language can be characterized as a complex of language attributes determined by the fact that...

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