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Explorations in Language and Linguistics

For Professor Piotr Stalmaszczyk on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday


Edited By Łukasz Bogucki and Piotr Cap

This volume is dedicated to Professor Piotr Stalmaszczyk, Head of the Department of English and General Linguistics at the University of Łódź, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It includes texts written by his students, colleagues and friends, dealing with a variety of urgent, widely discussed topics in the contemporary language studies. Spanning contributions from language history, philosophy, rhetoric and argumentation, methodology, and discourse studies, it provides an authoritative outline of the field and a timely response to the existing challenges, thus making for a concise handbook of modern linguistics. It is recommended to graduate students of philology, as well as researchers working in linguistics and other disciplines within the broad spectrum of humanities and social sciences.

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Some Synthetic and Analytic Constructions in Contemporary Polish: Non-Free Variation (Elżbieta Tabakowska)


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Elżbieta Tabakowska

Some Synthetic and Analytic Constructions in Contemporary Polish: Non-Free Variation1

Abstract: The following chapter compares the use of analytic and synthetic constructions in Polish grammar. The two types of structures exhibit semantic and pragmatic differences in conceptualization.

Keywords: cognitive grammar, grammatical case, syntax, inflection

[…] prepositions [should] be used sparingly, but not unnaturally omitted. (William J Higginson, The Haiku Seasons: Poetry of the Natural World)

1 Introduction

Some time ago a Kraków daily paper published two condolence messages – on one day, and with reference to a single deceased person and her family:

(1) Wyrazy głębokiego współczucia dla Państwa X oraz ich Rodzin z powodu śmierci Mamy składają pracownicy Firmy XXX [Words of deepest sympathy to Mr and Mrs X and their Families on the passing of their Mom are offered by the employees of the XXX company]

(2) Wyrazy szczerego żalu i głębokiego współczucia Rodzinom naszych przyjaciół xx. i xx. z powodu śmierci Matki składają xx i xx oraz xx. i xx.2 [Words of sincere regret and deep sympathy [0] Families-DAT of our friends XX and XX on the passing of their Mother are offered by XX and XX, and XX and XX.] (Gazeta Wyborcza, 25.09.2017)

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