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Explorations in Language and Linguistics

For Professor Piotr Stalmaszczyk on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday


Edited By Łukasz Bogucki and Piotr Cap

This volume is dedicated to Professor Piotr Stalmaszczyk, Head of the Department of English and General Linguistics at the University of Łódź, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It includes texts written by his students, colleagues and friends, dealing with a variety of urgent, widely discussed topics in the contemporary language studies. Spanning contributions from language history, philosophy, rhetoric and argumentation, methodology, and discourse studies, it provides an authoritative outline of the field and a timely response to the existing challenges, thus making for a concise handbook of modern linguistics. It is recommended to graduate students of philology, as well as researchers working in linguistics and other disciplines within the broad spectrum of humanities and social sciences.

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Deception on the Orient Express – A Pragmatic-Philosophical Account of Film Deception (Marta Dynel)


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Marta Dynel

Deception on the Orient Express – A Pragmatic-Philosophical Account of Film Deception

Abstract: The present chapter discusses the concept and workings of film deception, a communicative strategy of causing the film audience to develop a false belief regarding some aspects of the plot and/or the characters involved. It scrutinizes the conceptual underpinnings of deception, as well as its pragmatic effects, such as inviting the audience to draw cognitive satisfaction from recognition of the deceptive act and its role in the film story.

Keywords: deception – film deception – philosophy of fiction – film pragmatics – unreliable narration

1 Introduction

This chapter aims to contribute to the rich scholarship on the philosophy of fiction, and more specifically the burgeoning field of pragmatic and philosophical research on the multimodal film genre (see Stalmaszczyk 2016). Specifically, the focus of this chapter is on film deception, a topic that does not seem to have garnered much consistent scholarly attention. This chapter attempts to address this gap by bringing together different disciplines: the pragmatics of film discourse, the cognitive philosophy of film, as well as the philosophy of deception.

Most scholars agree that deception (lying included) involves communicating what one believes to be false rather than (objective) falsity (e.g. Bok 1978; Meibauer 2005, 2014a; Fallis 2010; Mahon 2015; Wiegmann et al. 2016; Dynel 2018). Thus, according to traditional accounts dating back to the classical writings by Augustine (1952) and Aquinas (1972), a distinction...

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