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«Translatio» et Histoire des idées / «Translatio» and the History of Ideas

Idées, langue, déterminants. Tome 2 / Ideas, language, politics. Volume 2

Edited By Anna Kukułka-Wojtasik

Produit de la conférence « Translatio et Histoire des idées », troisième du cycle Translatio, ce livre réunit des contributions reflétant l’actualisation des recherches sur la Translatio et son rôle dans la marche des idées. Nous y voyons diverses conceptualisations de l’image de l’Autre et de son univers, dues aux déterminants idéologiques et politiques du processus du transfert langagier. L’objectif des investigations est de mesurer les infléchissements induits par la Translatio, ce passage d’une culture à l’autre.
Les auteurs abordent aussi bien des cas qui autorisent à identifier certains motifs et éléments récurrents accompagnant le processus de la translatio. La récurrence de ces aspects permet de formuler certains principes et règles, concernant le transfert langagier.

This book, a product of the "Translatio and the History of Ideas" conference and the third volume in the Translatio cycle, brings together contributions reflecting the advances in research on the Translatio and its role in the march of ideas. We see various conceptualizations of the image of the Other and his universe, due to the ideological and political determinants of the language transfer process. The objective of the investigations is to measure the inflections induced by the Translatio, the passage from one culture to another.
The authors approach the cases that allow identification of certain patterns and recurring elements accompanying the process of the Translatio. The recurrence of these aspects makes it possible to formulate certain rules and principles concerning language transfer.

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The Medieval Idea of a Morality Play in Carol Ann Duffy’s Adaptation of Everyman

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Abstract: The following paper analyzes the changes introduced by Carl Ann Duffy in her adaptation of Everyman, a late medieval English morality play, in context of their compatibility with the medieval idea of a morality play, its major features, characteristics and didactic function.

Keywords: Medieval Theatre, England, adaptation, Everyman, morality play, Carol Ann Duffy

Only five complete medieval English morality plays exist today, The Pride of Life, The Castle of Perseverance, Wisdom, Mankind, and The Summonyng of Everyman, and though only a few, they create a theatrical genre which developed in England alongside the cycle plays of the medieval civic drama (King, 2008: 235). Morality plays were focussed on allegorical description of the inner struggle within the medieval Christian’s soul and offered “moral instruction through dramatic action”, symbolic in nature, with characters representing medieval concepts of Virtues and Vices, and placed beyond the classical theatrical concepts of space, time and action (Twycross, 2008: 26–27, 33; King, 2008: 235; Auerbach, 2003: 157–159). These, together with “plot and character [were] all morally directed,” were generally inspired by the Augustinian idea stating that “person’s endeavours towards the attainment of heaven were ineffectual without the direct intervention of God’s grace through the Redemption,” and Prudentius’s Psychomachia and its conflicting forces of Vice and Virtue in a fight over the man’s soul (King, 2008: 235–237). Morality plays, therefore, revolved around attaining God’s grace and redemption while allegorical characters, such as virtues, vices, devils, angels, and death,...

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