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Sprache(n) für Europa. Mehrsprachigkeit als Chance / Language(s) for Europe. Multilingualism as a Chance

Auswahl an Beiträgen des 52. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Erlangen (2017) / Selected Papers of the 52nd Linguistics Colloquium in Erlangen (2017)

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Edited By Jürg Strässler

Dieses Buch präsentiert eine Auswahl an Beiträgen des 52. Linguistischen Kolloquiums 2017 in Erlangen. Unter dem Konferenzthema «Sprache(n) für Europa – Mehrsprachigkeit als Chance» behandeln die 25 Beiträge in deutscher und englischer Sprache vor allem Erst- und Zweitspracherwerb, sprachdidaktische Aspekte sowie Mehrsprachigkeit in interkultureller Kommunikation. Darüber hinaus werden neben Experimenteller Linguistik, Corpus Linguistik und Medienlinguistik auch sprachhistorische, sprachpolitische und pragmatische Aspekte beleuchtet.

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On the Scientific Legitimacy of Semantic Experiments (Marina Fomina)

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Marina Fomina

On the Scientific Legitimacy of Semantic Experiments

1 Introduction

Modern linguistics calls for more objective evaluation of linguistic data and thus requires new research methods and techniques. In addition to well-known research procedures, the linguistic experiment, being entirely based on interviews with native speakers (often referred to as ‘informants’), is rapidly getting ground. The linguistic experiment is an integral, indispensable part of the complex research procedure often referred to as the hypothesis-deduction method.

Despite a great number of linguistic investigations based on the linguistic experiment there are still some doubts as to the validity of experimental data, the role of informants in the semantic experiment and many others. Indeed even if the experiment is thoroughly elaborated, some discrepancies in the grades that the informants use to assess the correctness / incorrectness of the utterances are still possible due to the random noise that accompanies any experiment. First, the performance of informants can be influenced by psychological factors: informants may fail to concentrate on the experiment or to treat it seriously; they may feel tired, etc. Secondly, the discrepancies can result from differing language codes of informants. Lastly, the situation presented in an utterance can be viewed from different perspectives by different informants. Although the researcher cannot prevent the disagreement between the grades of different informants caused by the random factors, there are mathematical-statistical methods that enable him/her to define the trend and separate the random noise from the objective data....

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