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Sprache(n) für Europa. Mehrsprachigkeit als Chance / Language(s) for Europe. Multilingualism as a Chance

Auswahl an Beiträgen des 52. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Erlangen (2017) / Selected Papers of the 52nd Linguistics Colloquium in Erlangen (2017)


Edited By Jürg Strässler

Dieses Buch präsentiert eine Auswahl an Beiträgen des 52. Linguistischen Kolloquiums 2017 in Erlangen. Unter dem Konferenzthema «Sprache(n) für Europa – Mehrsprachigkeit als Chance» behandeln die 25 Beiträge in deutscher und englischer Sprache vor allem Erst- und Zweitspracherwerb, sprachdidaktische Aspekte sowie Mehrsprachigkeit in interkultureller Kommunikation. Darüber hinaus werden neben Experimenteller Linguistik, Corpus Linguistik und Medienlinguistik auch sprachhistorische, sprachpolitische und pragmatische Aspekte beleuchtet.

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The Charter as a Product from the 19th Century (Camiel Hamans)


Camiel Hamans

The Charter as a Product from the 19th Century

1 Introduction

When in November 1992 the Council of Europe accepted a Charter for Regional and Minority Languages, it was three years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall and in the same year as Francis Fukuyama published his seminal book The End of History and the Last Man. The Charter is an international convention meant to protect and promote languages used by traditional European (linguistic) minorities and which were often discriminated in the past. Hence, one may think that the Charter is one of the results of the increasing influence of Western liberal democracy with its focus on civil rights in the early ‘90’s of the 20th century.

However, the Charter does not reflect the new wave of liberal democracy of the ‘90’s as will be shown in this paper. The Charter is rather an attempt to settle linguistic conflicts that have arisen from 19th century nationalism, as will be exemplified in the first part of this paper. In addition, it will be shown that the original aim of the Charter was not to resolve language conflicts in Central or Eastern Europe, but to put an end to long-known linguistic issues that exist in Western Europe. These conflicts are what will be dealt with in the second part.

In the third part of this paper it will be explained who the initiators of the linguistic minority debate in...

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