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Valency in Verbs and Verb-Related Structures

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Edited By Anna Malicka-Kleparska and Maria Bloch-Trojnar

The volume deals with valency phenomena in verbs and complex deverbal lexical structures (nominalizations, adjectivizations and compounds) in a variety of languages (English, Polish, Hungarian, Norwegian, Greek, Hebrew, Bantu languages and the West African language Ga). The introduction offers an overview of valency related issues and up-to-date linguistic literature. The eleven contributions address specific problems, such as the interaction of valency with argument- and event-structure, properties of light verbs, impersonal constructions, antipassives, analogies between passivization and nominalization/adjectivization, effects of verbal prefixation, and synthetic compounds. The proposed analyses are couched in lexically and syntactically driven approaches.

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When a verb has more than one valence frame (Lars Hellan)

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Lars Hellan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim

When a verb has more than one valence frame

Abstract: When a verb can occur in more than one argument structure environment, i.e., with more than one valence frame, one analytic approach is to try to reduce the number of lexical frame specifications as much as possible, leaving it to the general principles of the language to account for the remaining frames of occurrence. This approach has elegance and economy on its side, and we consider two mechanisms by which it can be implemented, namely derivation and type inheritance. The alternative strategy is to list more or less all of the frames of a verb as separate lexical entries. This has practical advantages for large scale investigations in the verbal domain, for instance in the area of valency classes, in ways that we illustrate. We argue that both approaches should be pursued, and outline a format in which they can be combined in a uniform architecture and formalism.

Key words: derivation, type inheritance, verb frames, frame pods, Norwegian, Ga

1. Introduction*

Verbs can often occur in more than one argument structure environment, i.e. with more than one valence frame. There are different types of scenarios where this can be observed; there are also different types of consequences according to the purpose of the lexical or grammatical investigation at hand. If the scenario is one with a...

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