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Environment and Sustainability

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The fact that environmental issues, which cause a significant externality within global goods, have gained a global dimension, necessitated more concrete steps for challenging with environmental issues. At this point, efforts to reduce environmental issues and protect the environment have been on the axis of sustainability. This book contains theoretical and empirical researches written by academicians and researches in the field of environment and sustainability. In the contributions, the macro dimensions of environmental pollution such as economic growth, health sector and technological development are examined. In addition to these, the contributors deal with micro dimensions such as consumption, marketing, accounting and firm behavior both in theory and empirically.

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Economic Growth and Ecological Footprint: Reconsidering the Empirical Basis of Environmental Kuznets Curves

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Introduction

The main goal of economic activities is to increase welfare by meeting the requests and needs of people. Therefore, increasing production and income is the ultimate goal of economies. Countries initially focus on increasing their revenues and ignore environmental problems such as environmental pollution, climate change and global warming etc. This increases the pressure on the environment and natural resources by polluting the air through the increased carbon density in the atmosphere, the nature through accumulation of non-recyclable waste and water through increased industrial and domestic waste. Sustainability of an economic-growth mentality that only focuses on the increase in production and does not take environmental conditions into account, has started to be questioned. At this point, policy makers and researchers have started to find ways to increase production without destructing the environment and survive without exceeding the renewal capacity of natural resources along with economic growth. In this context, a growth mentality in which market economy is not subject to any limitations has given way to a sustainable development model and new production models that do not damage the environment have been tried.

A growth mentality serving only the market economy dominated the industrialization policies until 1960. The industrialization policies at that time were based on the notion that the physical conditions in the world would be enough to enable all economies to be industrialized and increase the existing industrialization capacity. Another prevailing opinion was that the nature would not remain polluted and...

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