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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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32 Cognitive Studies in Urban Design

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Abstract: The main idea of environmental psychology is understanding the perception, cognition and the way of visual thinking mechanisms of inhabitants, and observing their experiences and behaviors in urban spaces. Accordingly, this approach enables urban designers to create positive places and design environmental and human-friendly public spaces. The aim of this chapter is to describe the cognitive dimensions of urban design and present recent cognitive applications for urban design. This research has roots from cognitive mapping to neuroscience. Current debates focus on how our visual world has changed in recent years. Innovations related to visual simulations from virtual reality to augmented reality are the contemporary design issues. These subjects are newly positioning in urban design. In this chapter, it has been determined that while the new technologies affect the human cognitive process and urban design, the designer should seek a balance between nature, environment, human expectations, and innovation, and consequently establish a holistic relationship among them.

Keywords: Urban design, Environmental psychology, Neuroscience, Perception, Cognition, Sense of place, Cognitive mapping, Visual thinking

1 Introduction

The cognitive process can be defined as the operation of information processing of the messages that the mind receives from environmental conditions and its biological structure, based on vital priorities. Among the stages of this process, filtering, the perception of the environmental information through the sensory channels and selection of useful information constitute the initial stage. Then some complex operations such as abstraction, taking place in instant memory and...

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