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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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37 Future Landscape Constructions: Green Infrastructures (GI)

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Abstract: GI is described as a tool for providing ecological, economic, and social benefits through natural solutions, helping us to understand the advantages that nature offers human society and to mobilize investments that sustain and enhance these benefits. This explicitly relates to the exclusive use of expensive “gray” infrastructure, which typically only fulfills a single function, such as drainage or transport, whereas nature often provides multiple solutions that are also cheaper, more robust, and more sustainable both economically and socially. GI systems are practical integrations of built and ecological systems that incorporate all natural, semi-natural, and constructed green spaces within, around, and between built areas, to replace or augment more traditional gray infrastructure. Cities need to upgrade and expand their “green” infrastructure—the network of open space, woodlands, wildlife habitats, parks, and other natural areas, which sustain clean air, water, and natural resources and enrich their citizens’ quality of life.

Keywords: Green infrastructure, Urban, Landscape management

1 Introduction

Planning methods and understandings combining present green spaces are now becoming common as a way to decrease the amount of concrete and asphalt, or in other words the gray infrastructure, inside urbans around the world.

The understanding of green infrastructure (GI), different from the concept of green space, is a system created to protect and direct not the parks, natural areas, and recreational areas that are not connected to each other and the urban but rather ecological benefits for people and the...

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