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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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41 Applying the Theory Challenge: Measuring the Environmental Quality in Turkey

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Abstract: Monitoring the quality of the environment in cities is considerably important in terms of present and future generations that can live in a healthy and sustainable environment. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the environmental quality of urban settlements in Turkey. The results of the study show while the highest value of the environmental quality of urban areas in Turkey is 76.5 out of 100, the lowest value of environmental quality is 40.9. While the provinces of Tokat, Eskişehir, Çorum, Çanakkale and Kilis have the highest environmental quality values, the provinces of Muğla, Muş, Ardahan, Ordu and Yalova have the lowest environmental quality value. In this chapter (1) current environmental pressures and problems in Turkey have been analyzed, (2) problematic areas and regional differences in terms of environmental quality have been revealed, (3) a tool for local governments, central government and the public to monitor the quality of the environment has provided. In this chapter also, areas with priorities and issues are demonstrated in terms of environmental protection and sustainable development by indicating the quality of the environment of urban settlements in Turkey.

Keywords: Urban environment, Sustainability, Environmental quality, Indicators, Turkey

1 Introduction

1972 published report entitled as “The Limits to Growth” underlined the fact that world’s natural resources are limited and (some of them) non-renewable and when it was expressed that a growth in an ignored environment would cause unsustainable level of environmental problems in...

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