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Towards Scientific Metaphysics, Volume 1

In the Circle of the Scientific Metaphysics of Zygmunt Zawirski. Development and Comments on Zawirski’s Concepts and their Philosophical Context

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Krzysztof Śleziński

The book presents results from research conducted by Zygmunt Zawirski on the theory of knowledge, quantum mechanics, logic, ontology and metaphysics.

The works undertaken in the field of logic, methodology and philosophy of science, and in particular the philosophy of nature and natural science testify to a solid preparation for the fundamental task of developing contemporary scientific philosophy. The emerging mathematical natural science did not have those possibilities which emerged in the 20th Century and which Zygmunt Zawirski (1882-1948) used. In the development of scientific metaphysics, he took into account both the achievements of modern logic, mathematics and physics. Zawirski builds scientific metaphysics by referring to empiricism, broadly understood experience. Modern metaphysics should meet high standards of precision and uniqueness, which is why Zawirski attempts to apply the axiomatic method to both the analysis of the theory of physics and the scientific metaphysics.

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Part Two: Critical remarks and comments on the concept of the scientific metaphysics of Zygmunt Zawirski

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We are now going through the critical analysis of the philosophical results of Zygmunt Zawirski’s research. In the introduction to this work, I presented a discussion on the legitimacy of developing metaphysical issues, which were undertaken by native philosophers of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. This presentation is a kind of justification for the rationale for discussing two approximations of scientific metaphysics, showing the timelines of philosophical research problems undertaken by Zawirski and Bornstein in the context of the turbulent development of formal and natural sciences.

Critical analysis of Zawirski’s philosophical achievements will be carried out by comparing the results of his research with other proposed results concerning the areas of research we are interested in at the time. In the analyses, I will pay special attention to the research of Polish philosophers of the first half of the 20th century.

1 On problem-rising axiomatization of mathematical natural science

Referring to the work Metoda aksjomatyczna a przyrodoznawstwo, it should be noted that among many analyses carried out by Zawirski, attention should be paid to the strong desire to indicate all the philosophical consequences resulting from the axiomatization of mathematical natural science. In the whole work, Zawirski is looking for basic principles for this kind of natural science, while critically referring to the solutions proposed, among others, by Kant. According to Zawirski, in mathematical natural sciences, one cannot rely on the principles perceived by the mind as necessary and common,...

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