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Towards Scientific Metaphysics, Volume 1

In the Circle of the Scientific Metaphysics of Zygmunt Zawirski. Development and Comments on Zawirski’s Concepts and their Philosophical Context

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Krzysztof Śleziński

The book presents results from research conducted by Zygmunt Zawirski on the theory of knowledge, quantum mechanics, logic, ontology and metaphysics.

The works undertaken in the field of logic, methodology and philosophy of science, and in particular the philosophy of nature and natural science testify to a solid preparation for the fundamental task of developing contemporary scientific philosophy. The emerging mathematical natural science did not have those possibilities which emerged in the 20th Century and which Zygmunt Zawirski (1882-1948) used. In the development of scientific metaphysics, he took into account both the achievements of modern logic, mathematics and physics. Zawirski builds scientific metaphysics by referring to empiricism, broadly understood experience. Modern metaphysics should meet high standards of precision and uniqueness, which is why Zawirski attempts to apply the axiomatic method to both the analysis of the theory of physics and the scientific metaphysics.

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Conclusion

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In this first volume of the monograph titled Towards scientific metaphysics, I turned my attention to the results of research done by Zygmunt Zawirski; while analyzing his scientific achievements, I have made an attempt to present it in the context of his aspirations to develop scientific metaphysics. I also carried out a critical analysis of the above issues, referring to other Polish philosophers, so as to determine the place and completeness of his concept of scientific metaphysics and to underline its relevance in philosophical research of the first half of the 20th century. I have provided detailed remarks and criticisms in particular subsections of the second part of the current volume. At this point, I will present the most general observations and conclusions regarding the philosophical achievements of Zygmunt Zawirski.

Many of Zawirski’s philosophical proposals still remain valid. It is possible to mention here the analyses of the cyclical nature of time, the problems of causality and the initiation of methodological studies, containing ideas that were developed by Karl Popper, but also Thomas Khun. The application of many-valued logic to contemporary scientific theories remains a valuable contribution to the general picture of scientific research.

The main task, however, was the critical analysis of the scientific concept of metaphysics. It turned out that this concept did not get proper development by Zawirski, although there were strong methodological premises, important achievements in the methodological and metalogical research of the 1930s. In those years, Zawirski limited his...

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