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Konflikt und Kooperation

Die Ostsee als Handlungs- und Kulturraum

Edited By Martin Göllnitz, Nils Abraham, Thomas Wegener Friis and Helmut Müller-Enbergs

Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges und der Erweiterung der Europäischen Union gerät der Ostseeraum als historische Einheit immer stärker in das Blickfeld von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit. Eine intensive Beschäftigung mit dieser Region macht jedoch recht rasch deutlich, dass nicht nur die „eine Ostsee" existiert, sondern viele Ostseeräume, die in erster Linie durch Kooperationen und Konflikte, Handel und kulturelle Beziehungen sowie den daran beteiligten Protagonisten initialisiert und konstruiert werden.

In dem vorliegenden Band analysieren 23 ExpertInnen aus fünf Ostseeländern und Israel die durchaus unterschiedlichen Raumkonstruktionen und Verflechtungen innerhalb der Ostseeregion, die als ein spannungs- und konfliktreicher Handlungs- und Kulturraum verstanden wird.

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Modernity in Roma and Roma in modernity (Lennart Runesson)

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Lennart Runesson

Modernity in Roma and Roma in modernity

The nineteenth century was an era of upheaval with big changes occurring particularly within industry and agriculture and a technological shift towards steam power for transport and industry. An expanding science gave rise to a massive scale-up in the chemical industry and in other spheres as well. Shift-reforms, growing mechanization, specialization, and new crops affected agriculture in a positive way. Higher efficiency and rising production and consumption resulted in increasing demands on transport and communication. The changes can be described as the emergence of modernity in Sweden, which includes the local community of Gotland. It was impossible to predict where this change would take place, and in which places it would have a profound impact. That the small Gotlandic town of Roma became a railway hub was certainly not predictable. It turned out that, beside the railway per se, there were several decisive factors linked to other changes occurring in this nascent modern society. These changes had to do with innovations in agriculture. Novel plants for cultivation were launched, such as potatoes, sugar beets, and oil-plants, with all three being mainly raw materials for industry. In Roma, this resulted in the establishment of a sugar industry. The new, emerging foods industry was concentrated in the lowlands of southern Sweden, Öland, and Gotland, and it remained so for a long time. From 1800 to 1900, the proportion of the population working in the agricultural...

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