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Konflikt und Kooperation

Die Ostsee als Handlungs- und Kulturraum

Edited By Martin Göllnitz, Nils Abraham, Thomas Wegener Friis and Helmut Müller-Enbergs

Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges und der Erweiterung der Europäischen Union gerät der Ostseeraum als historische Einheit immer stärker in das Blickfeld von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit. Eine intensive Beschäftigung mit dieser Region macht jedoch recht rasch deutlich, dass nicht nur die „eine Ostsee" existiert, sondern viele Ostseeräume, die in erster Linie durch Kooperationen und Konflikte, Handel und kulturelle Beziehungen sowie den daran beteiligten Protagonisten initialisiert und konstruiert werden.

In dem vorliegenden Band analysieren 23 ExpertInnen aus fünf Ostseeländern und Israel die durchaus unterschiedlichen Raumkonstruktionen und Verflechtungen innerhalb der Ostseeregion, die als ein spannungs- und konfliktreicher Handlungs- und Kulturraum verstanden wird.

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The early Mass Tourism of Gotland, Martha’s Vineyard, and Rügen (Åke Sandström)

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Åke Sandström

The early Mass Tourism of Gotland, Martha’s Vineyard, and Rügen

If we were to ask Swedes to identify one of the most popular Swedish tourist destinations, many would likely mention Gotland. Most countries have their own versions of Gotland: places where the tourist industry is well established and where people arrive in massive numbers during high season. In Germany and the United States, the islands of Rügen in the southern Baltic Sea and Martha’s Vineyard in the New England archipelago, east of New York City, respectively, hold similar positions in public consciousness. On all three islands, organised tourism developed in the nineteenth century and each one is connected to an urban area through railroads and ferries: Stockholm-Kalmar, Berlin-Hamburg, and New York-Boston. All three islands possess powerful brands enhanced by various forms of media. The classical horror movie Jaws, where a sharp-toothed giant beast looked upon Martha’s Vineyard and its inhabitants and visitors as its preferred feeding place and food, is perhaps the best – but far from only – example from that island. As for Gotland, the movie based on Ulf Lundell’s novel Jack, which was inspired by Jack Kerouac, secured Gotland as a must-visit location for Swedes. In Rügen’s case, there is an extensive list of movie productions filmed on the island. No less than 25 different movies and TV-series have been produced there since 1967.1

The aim of this paper is to describe and...

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