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Konflikt und Kooperation

Die Ostsee als Handlungs- und Kulturraum

Edited By Martin Göllnitz, Nils Abraham, Thomas Wegener Friis and Helmut Müller-Enbergs

Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges und der Erweiterung der Europäischen Union gerät der Ostseeraum als historische Einheit immer stärker in das Blickfeld von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit. Eine intensive Beschäftigung mit dieser Region macht jedoch recht rasch deutlich, dass nicht nur die „eine Ostsee" existiert, sondern viele Ostseeräume, die in erster Linie durch Kooperationen und Konflikte, Handel und kulturelle Beziehungen sowie den daran beteiligten Protagonisten initialisiert und konstruiert werden.

In dem vorliegenden Band analysieren 23 ExpertInnen aus fünf Ostseeländern und Israel die durchaus unterschiedlichen Raumkonstruktionen und Verflechtungen innerhalb der Ostseeregion, die als ein spannungs- und konfliktreicher Handlungs- und Kulturraum verstanden wird.

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Housewives on holiday. Gotlandic vacation homes for women 1944–1967 (Erika Sandström)


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Erika Sandström

Housewives on holiday. Gotlandic vacation homes for women 1944–1967

Until the first half of the 20th century, only a wealthy minority could go on holiday. Two weeks of paid vacation was not a luxury everyone enjoyed, and did not become legally mandated in Sweden until 1938; housewives, at the time an larger segment of society than today, did not benefit from it, since they were not considered wage laborers. However, the lack of opportunity for the housewife to rest and recreate was already discussed in the early 1930s as part of an increased focus on social welfare. In 1932 the periodical of the women’s wing of the Social Democratic Party (or S-Women) made an inquiry and found that consecutive days of vacation were practically unknown to housewives. Two-thirds of the women who had answered hadn’t had any vacation since childhood aside from a couple of days after having given birth.1 However, it was not only women or the Social Democratic Party who campaigned for the housewives’ need for recreation. The idea that wives and the mothers needed time to recuperate resonated with ideals of social welfare and modernity that were prevalent in the 1930s and 1940s. A well-rested, healthy and happy wife and mother was broadly seen as the female ideal and though the Social Democratic Women were the first to address the question of vacation for women, it was the Agrarian Party in the year 1937 which...

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