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Internal Migrations in Poland

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Edited By Łukasz Skoczylas and Elżbieta Smolarkiewicz

The aim of this book is to highlight the issue of internal migrations and emphasise the need to conduct research on their course and consequences, including those stemming from historical processes. The complexity of this topic is illustrated by the fact that the chapters contained in the book have been written by representatives of different disciplines: sociology, psychology, geography and economics, which may suggest the need for interdisciplinary research to be conducted in the future.

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Depopulation of the city of Poznań and its consequences for the local education policy-making

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Abstract: The shrinkage of Polish cities is characteristic of urbanised areas in post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The main aim of this chapter is to present internal migration of the inhabitants of Poznań in the years 1995–2016, and the impact on these migrations on the local education policy. The publication presents the demographic profile of the city of Poznań and describes directions of emigration of its inhabitants in 2013, causes of migration, demographic and social characteristics of the statistical emigrant, and spatial diversity of the city districts regarding migration trends. As for the education policy, the chapter discusses changes in the number of children and adolescents in Poznań and issues related to the criteria of enrolment at district primary schools in Poznań.

Keywords: shrinking cities, education policy, Poznań agglomeration, migration trends, Local Data Bank of the Central Statistical Office

Introduction

The depopulation of Polish cities, which has begun many years ago, is a discernible fact confirmed by theoretical research on urban development, and numerous socio-demographic studies on urban and regional development programming in Poland, commissioned by the central and local authorities in recent years. The shrinkage of Polish cities is characteristic of urbanised areas in post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, which followed a similar path of economic development after the collapse of the USSR and political system transformation (Stryjakiewicz 2014). The depopulation of cities is accompanied by suburbanisation, which further stimulates the outflow of city residents (Ilnicki...

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