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From Empire to Republic

The Role of American Missionaries in US-Ottoman Empire Relations and their Educational Legacy

Hacer Bahar

This book focuses on American missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire. After the construction of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mission in 1810, American missionaries started to spread the Gospel around the world. The Ottoman Empire was perceived as a strategic place since it occupied Jerusalem. By the time they arrived, American missionaries found a weak central authority. Some of the Ottoman officials considered that Westernization of the public institutions in the Empire could strengthen central authority. In order to protect its integrity, the Ottoman Empire started to grant freedoms to the minorities. After gaining liberties, American Missionaries further strengthened their position in the Empire. This book analyzes the strong image of American missionary schools through Robert College which was established in 1863. Robert College which reflects American ideals, preserves its distinguished place to this day.

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Bibliography

ABCFM, Annual Report 1823

ABCFM, Annual Report 1834

ABCFM, Annual Report 1845

ABCFM, Annual Report 1856

Acun, Fatma and Gürtunca, Evrim Şencan. 2016. “Osmanlı’dan Cumhuriyet’e Robert Kolej’de Eğitim.” Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 31(1): 1–34. http://dergipark.gov.tr/egetid/issue/23836/253933.

Akgün, Secil. 1989. “The Turkish Image in the Reports of American Missionaries in the Ottoman Empire.” Turkish Studies Association Bulletin. 13(94): 91–105. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43385311.

Anderson, Rufus. 1872. History of the Missions of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to the Oriental Churches. Boston: ABCFM.

Aydın, Mehmet. 2005. Türkiye’de Misyonerlik Faaliyetleri. Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı Yayınları.

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