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Hispanic Ecocriticism

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Edited By José Manuel Marrero Henríquez

Hispanic Ecocriticism finds a rich soil in the main topics of environmental concern in the literature of Latin America and Spain, not only as a source for renewing critical analysis and hermeneutics, but also for the benefit of global environmental awareness. In a renewed exchange of transatlantic relationships, Hispanic Ecocriticism intermingles Latin American ecocritical issues of interest — the oil industry; contamination of forests and rivers; urban ecologies; African, Andean, and Amazonian biocultural ecosystems — with those of interest in Spain — animal rights and the ecological footprints of human activity in contemporary narratives of eco-science fiction, in dystopias, and in literature inspired by natural or rural landscapes that conceal ways of life and cultures in peril of extinction.

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José Manuel Marrero Henríquez: Ecocriticism of the Anthropocene and the Poetics of Breathing

Ecocriticism of the Anthropocene and the

Poetics of Breathing*

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José Manuel Marrero Henríquez

Abstract: If culture is part of nature, the hypothesis that written forms of Hispanic literary texts preserve the desire to grasp the immediate knowledge of the environment, which Walter Ong studies in primary orality or Bruno Latour describes in the paradoxical movement of scientific investigation by which one moves away from reality to approach it, points to a commendable theoretical and critical objective. In Hispanic literatures, Latin American or European, those akin to indigenous cosmogonies, Christian lineage or declaredly atheist, or of oral, written or digitally virtual origin, Anthropocene ecocriticism has the important generic and transboundary task of highlighting the complementarity of artistically complex literary and oral processes and the poetics of breathing that they share.

Keywords: Ecocritical Theory, Poetics, Breathing, Hispanism, Latin American Literature

The objective of the following pages is to design a poetics of breathing that serves as a general ecocritical literary theory capable of responding to the global challenges of the Anthropocene era within the scope of Humanities. Wherever problematic aesthetic and ideological differences arise, such poetics will be inclusive and comprehensive as it seeks to find common ground by investigating potential complementarities. The poetics of breathing aspires to provide the resolution of conflicts, envisions the blurring of the definite and clear limits that literary criticisms based on irreconcilable binary oppositions draw, and, in the formation of its design, appeals both to works of Latin American literature, which thrive on the diverse imaginaries and traditions...

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