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Hispanic Ecocriticism

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Edited By José Manuel Marrero Henríquez

Hispanic Ecocriticism finds a rich soil in the main topics of environmental concern in the literature of Latin America and Spain, not only as a source for renewing critical analysis and hermeneutics, but also for the benefit of global environmental awareness. In a renewed exchange of transatlantic relationships, Hispanic Ecocriticism intermingles Latin American ecocritical issues of interest — the oil industry; contamination of forests and rivers; urban ecologies; African, Andean, and Amazonian biocultural ecosystems — with those of interest in Spain — animal rights and the ecological footprints of human activity in contemporary narratives of eco-science fiction, in dystopias, and in literature inspired by natural or rural landscapes that conceal ways of life and cultures in peril of extinction.

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Scott DeVries: The Quiroga Frame: Animal Studies and Spanish American Literature

The Quiroga Frame: Animal Studies and

Spanish American Literature

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Scott DeVries

Abstract: I will document the most salient examples from Spanish American literature in which animal-ethical representations anticipate many of the most pressing concerns from present debates in animal studies. I identify moments from the corpus that articulate long-standing positions such as a defense of animal rights or advocacy for liberationism; that engage in literary philosophical meditations concerning mind theory and animal sentience; and that anticipate current ideas from Critical Animal Studies, including the rejection of hierarchical differentiations between the categories human and nonhuman. I begin the chapter with an enumeration of seven analytical tasks for a literary approach that I denominate “fauna-criticism”. These points include reevaluations of the canon, the exposition of animal ethical positions from literary texts, and the identification of literary representation of debates within both traditional and critical animal studies as well as the ways in which literary expression might resolve these debates. The result is that this kind of analysis emphasizes the reframing of literary history with particular attention granted to the animal ethical positions of poetry and fictional prose, both in texts that have been considered canonical as well as those that have long been neglected.

Keywords: Animal Ethics, Ecocriticism, Spanish American Literature, Horacio Quiroga

The fauna-criticism that I will employ examines nonhuman sentience, animal interiority, and other ethical issues such as the livestock and pet industries, zoos, hunting, and species extinction. I will undertake a fauna-critical analysis of one well-known and one unfamiliar text from each...

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