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Jesus, Hauptdarsteller Gottes?

Inszenierung als Schlüssel für einen vernunftgemäßen Glauben

Eberhard Martin Pausch

Der Mensch Jesus kann verstanden werden als Gottes Hauptdarsteller in dem Theaterstück, das Weltgeschichte heißt. Das ist die These dieses Buches. Es gibt historische Indizien dafür, dass er sich selbst so sah, etwa die Nähe der Stadt Nazareth zum antiken Theater in Sepphoris. Die These lässt sich jedoch vor allem semiotisch begründen, wenn man die Person Jesu als ein mehrdimensionales Zeichen versteht. Jesus und seine Jüngerinnen und Jünger machten Glaube, Hoffnung und Liebe als Grunddimensionen menschlicher Existenz sichtbar. Wer ihm nachfolgt, lebt ebenfalls in diesen Dimensionen und erkennt Gott als den Regisseur der Geschichte an. Dessen Hauptdarsteller Jesus ist auch heute noch leibhaft erfahrbar, unter anderem im Leben der Glaubenden und im Geschehen von Gottesdienst und Abendmahl.

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Abstract: Jesus, God’s Main Actor?

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According to Immanuel Kant, religion must not exceed “the boundaries of mere reason“. Therefore, Christian theology must strive to use clear and distinct terms, as well as adhere to the rules of logic. In a phenomenological sense, the Christian religion is based on at least three dimensions: faith, hope and love. Faith means a basic trust in God, love is an interpersonal relationship, and hope points to the horizon where time meets eternity. Jesus of Nazareth tried to live his life completely within these three dimensions. Perhaps he was inspired by new ways of thinking from Sepphoris – a town close to Nazareth containing a large amphitheatre – with which to “stage“ his life as the life of the Son of God. He saw himself (his “body“ in a semiotic sense) as the Son of God and as a sign of God´s love. Perhaps Jesus thought of himself as an actor in an eschatological drama in which he represented God. This hypothesis suggests that Jesus and his disciples were a kind of theater group. When he arrived in Jerusalem, Jesus was arrested, tortured and crucified. But his death was definitively not the end of the drama which he himself had set into motion. In any case, one must concede that the sign of faith, love and hope expressed by Jesus had an overwhelming effect on his followers. They believed that Jesus’ body was still alive: in the lives of his followers, in bread and wine as the elements used...

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