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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences – Volume 3

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

The third volume of «Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences» is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The book addresses economic, financial, political, sociological, international relations, health, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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The Effect of Institutional Factors and Freedoms on Women’s Labor Force Participation

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Introduction

It is possible to say that the concepts of employment and unemployment are two concepts which are of great importance in the economy. Unemployment is considered as one of the most serious economic problems in every economy and various employment policies are developed to solve this problem. One of the fundamental shortcomings of economies is inadequate women’s labor force participation. Despite the fact that it has been prioritized in the efforts of economic development, the female labor force has not yet reached the required and desired levels. In general, the female labor force participation rate lags behind the male labor force participation rate. Nowadays, there are many efforts that protect the rights of women and advocate equality between men and women. It has not been possible to change the perception of the place and duties of the women settled in society even if these efforts are carried out to prevent gender discrimination in the society. On the other hand, the fact that most of the women decided not to participate in the labor force when they guarantee their livelihood is a sign that they accept the duties and responsibilities assigned to them.

The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting the female labor force participation as well as to determine the extent to which they have an impact. In the study, the labor force participation of women is explained with institutional factors and freedom indices. In many studies in the...

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