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Linguistische Beiträge zur Slavistik

XXV. JungslavistInnen-Treffen in Göttingen, 13.–16. September 2016

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Edited By Genia Böhnisch, Uwe Junghanns and Hagen Pitsch

Der Sammelband enthält Beiträge des XXV. JungslavistInnen-Treffens, das vom 13. bis 16. September 2016 am Seminar für Slavische Philologie der Universität Göttingen stattfand. In ihren Aufsätzen geben die AutorInnen Einblick in Themen und Ergebnisse ihrer aktuellen Forschungen auf verschiedensten Gebieten der slavistischen Sprachwissenschaft, darunter der synchronen und diachronen Linguistik, der Semantik und Pragmatik, der Sozio- und Kontaktlinguistik und der Spracherwerbsforschung.

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Konditionale Infinitive im Tschechischen (Uwe Junghanns & Hagen Pitsch)

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Konditionale Infinitive im Tschechischen*

Uwe Junghanns & Hagen Pitsch (Göttingen)

Abstract

The contribution deals with Czech sentences of the type Pršet, zůstali bychom doma ‚If it rained, we would stay at home.‘, Být živa maminka, divila by se ‚If mother were alive, she would be surprised.‘ They combine an infinitive and a finite clause, which form what appears to be a peculiar hypotactic complex with the condition, strangely, being infinitival. Tempting though the parallel with fully-fledged complex conditional sentences is, we do not simply postulate a subordinate infinitival clause with abstract structure that would include an invisible element (subjunction, operator) facilitating the conditional function and interpretation. Rather our goal is to detect the relevant properties and describe them in such a way that an explicit formal analysis may ultimately be reached. These properties include items that combine with the infinitive, most prominently nominative subjects, constituent order in the infinitival, characteristics of the predicate of the finite matrix, the relative order of the two clausal parts, prosody, and information structure. Authentic examples from the literature/corpora are used for the sake of illustration. Our findings suggest as little structure as would ensure yielding the interpretation in an effective way (economy), invoking context and world knowledge. We also reflect on why, among the Slavic languages, only Czech and Slovak have infinitival conditionals.

1. Einleitung und Forschungsstand

Dieser Beitrag behandelt sog. infinitivische Konditionalsätze (infinitivní věty podmínkové) im...

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