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Traumatic Experiences and Dyslexia

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Edited By Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

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Anxiety and Self-Esteem among Children with Dyslexia in Sri Lanka

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Abstract: Dyslexia is a complex neurological condition, occurring in approximately five to twelve percent of the population. For more than a decade, the impacts of secondary symptoms on the lives of individuals with dyslexia have been studied from different perspectives. The present study was focused to identify children with dyslexia anxiety and the level of their self-esteem as well as confidence in education compared to the non-dyslexia children. A total of 30 children with and without dyslexia, living in the Western Province participated in this study. These children, studying in Grade five in boy’s schools, belonged to the age group of 10–11 years. All these children were given three questionnaires (i.e., Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale, Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventories 3). Self-developed screen test and semi-structured interviews were also conducted to examine the confidence in education. Descriptive analysis, paired sample t-test, and frequency analysis were used to test hypotheses. Results of this study showed that the children with dyslexia have not displayed a significant level of overall anxiety scores. Compared to the anxiety subscales; Generalized, Separation, and Social anxiety, and some items presented significant differences in children with dyslexia in contrast to the normal children. Children with dyslexia have shown significantly very low self-esteem in contrast to the normal children. It is identified that normal children also showed the self-esteem below the average level. Very low level of confidence in education is noticed in the group of children with dyslexia when compared to the normal children.

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