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Traumatic Experiences and Dyslexia


Edited By Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

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A Study of Dyslexia among Fourth Class Pupils in Rural Daraa according to Some Variables


Abstract: This research aimed to the study of dyslexia among forth class pupils in rural Daraa according to some variables. This study was donewitha clear analytic method. The intended sample was pupils (n = 200) from forth class pupils in rural Daraa. Dyslexia Scale (DS) was built in this study according to methodical steps which are used in a scale structure. The results showed the followings: The distribution is normal, there is negative relationship between dyslexia and academic level of parents (-0.20), but there is no relationship between dyslexia and numbers of failure years, the boys have dyslexia more than girls.

Keywords: dyslexia, fourth class pupils in rural Daraa, Dyslexia Scale

1 Introduction

The theoretical concept of dyslexia is to be clarified. This term has two-fold, “dys” means weakness or difficulty, and “lexia” means words or vocabulary (Batayneh, 2005). The prevalence of dyslexia among students is 10%, and males are more than females. Every four males are matched by one female. Some studies have reported that seven males vs one female (Sheikh Hamoud & Alammar, 2012). Dyslexia was explained in light of several theoretical trends. The first trend was that they were due to brain damage or malfunction. The second trend is the abnormal growth of some brain cells, through physiological studies indicating that there is an abnormal increase in the number of neurons in the nerve centres of the brain. The third trend is the genetic trend, which indicates that dyslexia is...

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