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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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6: Complementary and Alternative Medicine Applications in Infertility1

Extract

Fatma Başar

6:   Complementary and Alternative Medicine Applications in Infertility1

1 Introduction

Fertility is one of the key factors of reproductive health; infertility is accepted as a global public health concern by the World Health Organization (WHO). Infertility is defined as the absence of pregnancy in spite of having sexual intercourse during at least one year by couples at reproduction age. The frequency of infertility varies from region to region and country to country. From 2010 data of the World Health Organization, 15 % of couples at reproductive age are affected by infertility. The frequency of infertility in our country is 10 %–20 %. Infertility that is an important health problem is a situational crisis which threatens the psychosocial state and is hard to be managed; it also affects both family and society. Moreover, infertility causes psychosocial, economic and sexual problems on couples.

Patients are in the tendency to use complementary and alternative medicine applications to increase the change to be pregnant. National Complementary and Alternative Medical Center defined complementary and alternative medicine as various medical attention, products or disciplines that are not accepted as a part of conventional medicine. Use of complementary and supportive care applications have increased during the infertility process in recent years. A part of couples appeal to complementary medicine applications before and during infertility treatment and also after unsuccessful treatments. Moreover, since patients actualize these applications under their own control, the anxiety level of patients...

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