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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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10: Robotic Surgery from Past to Future and Its Applications in Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery


Mümtaz Taner Torun

10:   Robotic Surgery from Past to Future and Its Applications in Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery

1 Introduction

Technological developments cause major changes in health care in recent years. With the integration of industrial robots in the medical field, many risky and challenging surgeries become easier. Robotic surgical techniques started to be used in the late 1980s. In the 2000s da Vinci robot has become widespread after the approval of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Pugin et al., 2011). There were 1.745 million robotic surgeries performed in the USA between the years of 2000 and 2013 and it increases every year (Usluoğulları et al., 2017). At first, robots were used for biopsy by the neuro-surgical department. After the developments in robotic surgery, advanced robots have started to be used in various medical fields such as cardiovascular surgery, orthopedics, urology, otorhinolaryngologic diseases and general surgery.

In the future, robots may be able to perform surgical interventions by their own special techniques. It can be predicted that they will be able to suture and perform various operations autonomously.

2 The History of Robotic Surgery

Al-Jazari, who lived in the 12th century, was accepted the father of robotic science with his invention of the first robot. In 1917, Czechoslovakian Josef Ćapek mentioned about automatons in his short story “Opilec” and his brother Karel Ćapek first used the word of robot in his book “Rossum’s Universal Robots” in 1920...

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