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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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18: Basic Body Awareness Therapy (B-BAT)

Extract

Hamiyet Yüce

18:   Basic Body Awareness Therapy (B-BAT)

1 Introduction

In today’s medicine, it is very important to accept human beings as an integrated part of the physical, psychological and social environments and also as a whole. In this bio-psychosocial approach, physiotherapists focus not only on biological and physical aspects of the patients, but also on their psychosocial aspects. Body awareness therapy is related to wide range of professional fields such as physiotherapy, psychiatry, medical and psychotherapy. Body awareness knowledge is a general concept for the use and experience of the body, which represents body consciousness, body management and in-depth body experience (Roxendal, 1985). Basic body awareness therapy is a common name for a series of body-oriented physiotherapeutic approaches that use a holistic perspective in physiotherapy applications towards awareness about body function behavior, its interaction with himself and others, how the body is used (Gyllensten, 2001).

Body-oriented therapies address the boundaries between conscious and unconscious existence where the focus is based on bodily experience and non-verbal behavior (Roxendal, 1985). Compared with other body-oriented or mindfulness therapies, there is a systematic training of ego at the physical level that originates from certain body functions, intention and self-observation at the mental level (Hedlund and Gyllensten, 2010). In physiotherapy content, body awareness is defined in two ways: (1) body experience (dimension of experience) and (2) actions and behavior in movement and activities (dimension of movement). In the dimension of experience, body awareness therapy emphasizes...

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