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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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[24A] The third article


This article is about hygiene, child education, and handling pregnancy. It consists of ten chapters.

Chapter one: This chapter includes sports activities that strengthen the body like wrestling, and less strenuous activities (exercises) like running and walking

There are other personal activities, like reading out loud for oneself, where the head and other organs in the head have to move. These activities heat the organs in the head, clean them, renew their strength (reinforce) and their energies as they nourish them.

Weight lifting, boxing, javelin throwing, and playing with balls, especially with big ones, provide the opportunity to move the body, the neck, the chest, the hands, and the back. These exercises will strengthen these organs, give them energy, and purify them.

Walking fast (jogging) moves the hips, the thighs, the legs, and the feet, so they get energy (heat) and are strengthened. The most balanced sport is slow walking.

Being active (exercising) boosts the natural energy (heat) in the body, whereas, inactivity chills (freezes) and stops the heat and the energy from flowing in the body, which makes the body lose its vitality.

Chapter two: Regarding (steam) bathrooms

The bathroom should be wide, airy, and have plentiful supply of water. Bathrooms should be heated by wood and not by dried cow dung. If heat is supplied through steam in the bathroom, then the materials (the fuel) that are used in heating the water...

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