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Handbook of Energy and Environment Policy

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The book deals with the broad perspectives on the energy and environment topics and questions the traditional view on energy and environment policy and issues. Nowadays, energy and environmental issues can be accepted as the related subjects by the whole world. The link between energy and environment is backed to the time when only nature's primary resources were used. Primitive societies’ energy demand was small compared to the forces of the environment. With the emergence of industrial nations, the importance of energy and environment relation appeared again.

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5 The Concept of Energy Security from Different Aspects and Turkey’s Energy Security Understanding

Extract

Şerife Özkan Nesimioğlu

5   The Concept of Energy Security from Different Aspects and Turkey’s Energy Security Understanding

Introduction

The concept of energy security, which has been identified with the idea of sustainable development since the 1970s, is at the top of the agenda of almost every country today. This is mainly because the current production and consumption numbers clearly indicate that fossil fuels, which are the most consumed primary energy sources, will run out sooner or later. Another important reason is that these sources, which are already finite, are not homogenously distributed throughout the world. The distribution of oil and natural gas across the world is more striking, while that of coal is relatively more balanced (BP, 2018). From this point of view, it is not quite right to think that energy security is limited to fossil fuels. As a matter of fact, the evaluation concerning the homogeneous distribution of coal, oil, and natural gas is also true for renewable energy sources, which are other primary sources of energy. Neither solar nor hydroelectric, biomass, geothermal, and wave energy potentials are also distributed in the world unevenly. Therefore, due to the abovementioned reasons, sources of consumed energy and the potential of a country to have these sources are almost equally important in today’s world where development scale and social welfare are mostly dependent on industrialization.

Energy security can be examined in four periods based on the relationship between energy sources and geopolitics...

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