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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Deligimitization of religious dimension of marital and family intimacy in students’ evaluation

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Abstract: This chapter discusses the attitudes of Polish students to the normative dimension of marital and family intimacy. The evaluation covers five issues: premarital sexual intercourse, the use of contraceptives, marital infidelity, divorce and termination of pregnancy. The results of the survey research performed in 2017 on Polish students were compared with the outcome of the dynamic research conducted on the academic youth since the late 1980s. Marital and family morality based on values and principles referring to the authority of Roman Catholicism is undergoing significant changes. On the one hand, the individualization and subjectivization of the content related to intimate life and on the other hand the revitalization of moral categories perceived primarily as individual responsibility and less frequently as a part of a religious system are observed. Therefore, it would be worthwhile to compare the results of the conducted research with the students’ moral evaluations formulated against the background of other societies and the religious cultures prevalent in them.

Keywords: marital and family intimacy, Polish students, moral evaluation, religious norms

Introduction – religion and morals in the postmodern world

Scholars studying social life, especially its axionormative sphere, agree that social control systems such as religion, morality, law, customs and fashion are partially autonomous and partially interdependent [cf. Mariański 2008]. The concept of intimacy, related to the most inner, personal and private sphere and intended for the closest persons, is connected with the axionormative dimension regulating the realm of eroticism, sexuality,...

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