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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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Migration Management and Municipalities in the Context of Urban Refugees: Legal and Administrative Approach



1 Introduction

While signing international conventions and protocols to determine the obligations of asylum seekers and refugees in their relations with other countries, Turkey has regulated the national legal and administrative legislation in order to establish migration management, policies, and strategies at the same time.

1951 Geneva Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees can be listed as framework agreements that determine Turkey’s international obligations. In addition, the studies oriented towards legal and administrative legislation related to migration management involves the period that was initiated with the 2005 Turkish National Action Plan for the Adoption of the EU Acquis in the Field of Asylum and Migration.

Turkey has been facing influx of refugees with 3.5 million Syrians refugees since April 2011 and about 1 million from other countries, in total over 4.5 to 5 million refugees. As the presence of refugees reached around 4.5%–5% of Turkey’s population, new legislative, institutional and administrative arrangements are required. In this context, “Foreigners and International Protection Law No. 6458” was adopted on 4 April 2013, and the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) was established with this law. In addition, with the Presidential Decree on the Presidential Organization published in the Official Gazette on 10 July 2018, some of the Presidential Committees’ missions were established as determining and following up on the immigration policies and strategies of Turkey.

Turkey provides “temporary protection” for refugees. The number of registered...

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