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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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International Migration and Immigrants: An Evaluation in the Context of the New Security Concept

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1 Introduction

Migration has been a reality and necessity experienced in every period of history. People have shown the tendency to move from place to place by the force of current circumstances or by choice. A limited human movement from a small settlement to the nearest city in search of a lucrative job and a long-term activity in search of a new life to reach a destination that is thousands of kilometers away due to social problems in one’s country are both considered to be in the scope of migration. The political, social, economic, cultural and demographic impacts of migration and immigrants, triggered by whatever cause, is one of the most important factors that have changed the course of human history. Society and state structures, cultural elements, national identities, economic parameters, urbanization rate, political opinions, employment opportunities, criminal tendencies have been directly or indirectly shaped by immigrants.

Migration is divided into internal and external migration, depending on where the scope of mobility is realized. Internal migrations have profound effects on the general structure of the concerned country and external migrations on that of multiple countries. People who cannot find the opportunity to lead the lifestyle they desire, who face political-legal-religious difficulties, who suffer from natural disasters, who cannot meet their economic needs, who cannot hold their family together, who have security concerns or who are just looking for adventure are involved in this process in planned-unplanned, voluntary-involuntary, legal-illegal, safe-dangerous, easy-difficult ways (Segal, Mayadas and...

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