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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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The Effects of Transboundary Movements on Security and Stability

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1 Introduction

In recent years, there has been a growing concern that massive movement of refugees and migrants poses a threat to state security. It is also claimed that massive transboundary movements create security challenges to international peace and stability so there is a need to more of restrictive policies on the state level. We believe this view is dangerously misleading. In fact the perception of transboundary movements as a threat gives rise to serious complications. Considering migration as a threat might lead to political instability and social disturbance. As a matter of fact migration can have significantly positive impacts on host country. In this article it is aimed to discuss how transboundary movements can affect the state security within the framework of the new security paradigm. In this respect, the factors that strengthen the complex interdependence between security and transboundary movements will be mentioned.

2 Societal Dimension of Security and Migration

It should first be noted that societal security is related to the issue of collective identity. Societal security dealing with the threats that are targeted to society’s identity and also society’s cohesion and/or homogeneity. In Waever’s words, “societal security concerns the ability of a society to persist in its essential character under changing conditions and possible or actual threats.” (Weaver, et al. 1993: p.23) In the security dimension of international migration it is claimed that there are some conditions in which citizens perceive their cultural, religious or national identities as...

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