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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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A Study on the Integration Process of Syrians Who Emigrated to Aydın Province after 2011

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1

1 Introduction

History has seen many people, societies or civilizations move from one place to another in many different geographies. In the globalized world order today, the notion of migration has become even more important. Improvements such as the development of transportation and communication technologies, visa liberalization agreements signed between countries, education-focused exchange programs etc. allow the circulation of institutions, goods, services and capital as well as people beyond the borders of countries. These circulation opportunities do not only come in the form of going from developing countries to developed countries, but also from and to developed countries.

Due to its multi-layered nature, the notion of migration has been the subject of many theories in relevant literature, and have been evaluated together with the notion of adaptation within the framework of these theories. Said theories have been shaped by the individual conditions of their origin countries, and as such, have limited utility in explaining the migration in other regions. Thus, there is no single theory of migration that everyone agrees on, and the reasons for migration are subject to change depending on the origin and destination countries’ geographic, economic, cultural or societal conditions.

The notion of integration is also an important aspect of migration. It is important for the migrants to be able to integrate into the destination society, both for themselves and for the destination society; and it also makes the culture of living together and the integration process easier...

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