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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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Factors Affecting Households’ Internal Migration Intention in Muş Province, Turkey: An Ordered Discrete Choice Modeling Approach


1 Introduction

Since the beginning of human history, individuals’ act of movement has occurred by different types and from different reasons in every period and thus it has been the important part of human life. Such movements have had a significant impact on many historical events such as the foundation of nation-states and the emergence of a country as an important driving force in international political arena. With this aspect, these movements have gained different economic, social and political meanings (Sallan Gül, 2002). Migration can be briefly defined as individuals’ act of movements geographically from one settlement to another for any reason to sustain one or all parts of their future lives. On the other hand, Kearney (1986) defines the concept of migration as the movement in terms of population, while Lee (1966) defines the migration as the permanent or temporary movements of population that do not address the specific concepts of internal migration and emigration. Marshall (1999) defines migration as the movement by people or groups beyond the geographical and political borders towards different living places and societies. Migration can occur due to many social, political, economic and/or natural reasons. Since the 20th century, there has been a significant change on the characteristics and quantity of migration movements. Along with the significant impacts of several economic and political developments including industrialization, wars, and revolutions, the number of mass migration movements has been gradually increased (Miles, 1993).

Though migration is principally a movement...

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