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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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The Effect of Geopolitical Factors on Migration and Settlement Geography: The Case of Sakarya

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1 Introduction

Migration is a one-way trip and there is no “home” to go back to (Hall, 1996: 115). Migration is sailing into uncharted waters, or, as Edward Said puts it, a “‘discontinuous state of being’” (1990: 357–63), and “a form of picking a quarrel with where you come from” (Chambers, 1994: 2). There are many definitions and notions of migration as it is one of the basic phenomena of social change and it has been intertwined with human existence from the very beginning (Adıgüzel, 2016: 2; Bartram and Poros, 2017: 13; Chambers, 1994: 23).

Thus, the notion of migration can be in its most general sense defined as “going from a place to another for a limited time or to stay permanently as a result of historical developments” (Saydam, 1997: 1–5). However, the issues of migration and settlement are far more complex than such definitions or definitions such as “the displacement and placement of individuals or societies” with social, cultural, economic, legal, legislative, and human aspects (Bayraktar, 2007: 407). With its many reasons and consequences, the notion of migration should not be interpreted as a mere change of places but rather a social phenomenon that transforms all elements of the social structure. Migratory movements are a result of factors that can be either voluntary or obligatory, depending on economic, political, religious, security of life and property, and natural reasons. Although it is perfectly natural for a person to...

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