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The Elites of the Media versus the Elites of Politics in Poland

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Edited By Zbigniew Oniszczuk, Dagmara Głuszek-Szafraniec and Mirosława Wielopolska-Szymura

This book is the fruit of scientific research conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods regarding the mutual relations between the media elites and the political elites in Poland. The authors of this work focus on several virtuous aspects of this issue: on the characteristic model of opinion-forming journalism, also on the differences presented by female and male journalists in the assessment of the relations between politicians and journalists, as well as on the differences between local and national level of mass media in terms of external and internal autonomy of journalists, next on the importance of opinion-forming media in the process of creating a sense of political subjectivity in their recipients, and finally on the phenomenon of politicization of cultural issues in opinion-forming weeklies in Poland.

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7. Conclusions: Media and Politics in Poland – A Model of Mutual Relations

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Dagmara Głuszek-Szafraniec

7.   Conclusions: Media and Politics in Poland – A Model of Mutual Relations

Abstract This chapter presents a comprehensive overview of the relations between political and media elites in Poland. Referring to the research results as presented by the contributors and published in The Elites of the Media versus the Elites of the Politics in Poland, it takes a closer look at the media system in Poland, mutual relationships of journalists and politicians, the phenomenon of biased media in Poland, and the understanding of journalistic professionalization. This study shows the relations between the media and politics from different perspectives, pointing to the polarization of the press market in Poland, the forms of bias, and the role of journalists in civil society as a watchdog and the Fourth Estate. The Polish opinion press shows close links with politics, presenting mainly the contents of current Polish politics. This means that the subject matter is relatively important from the perspective of journalists, politicians, and readers alike. The media bias is not revealed directly, but by indicating the values important for a given political option (as in the case of cultural issues) or by omitting any issues related to the political party supported by the editorial staff (biased silence). Publicists focus mainly on criticizing the side of the political scene that they do not favor. Journalists, on the other hand, assess the level of professionalism in Poland as moderate, pointing primarily to the influence of their own editors...

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