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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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16 Cultural Heritage Policy in Turkey

Extract

Nilüfer Negiz

16   Cultural Heritage Policy in Turkey

Introduction

Anatolia located in the center of intersection or conflict spot of various cultures and civilizations along the history has a significantly rich cultural background. The roots of the Anatolian cultural heritage include primeval Anatolian cultures, Mediterranean and Aegean cultures, as well as Seljukian and Ottoman resources. The development process of Turkey’s cultural heritage policy is dated back to the 19th century. Legalization and institutionalization process commenced in the Ottoman era has gained paced especially along the 2000s. ın the present study, management of Turkey’s cultural heritage will be studied within the framework of stakeholders at authority in terms of development and preservation of national legislation.

1 Literature

Culture consists of the unwritten rules of the social game and it is described as commonly programmed intelligence distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from others (Hofstede et al., 1991: 6). Ozankaya describes culture as “total combination of material and moral elements generated through interaction of a human group with their natural and social periphery” (1992: 218). This is quite important in terms of the informative and guidance role of culture to transfer all material and non-material acquisitions from one generation to another. These acquisitions referred also as cultural heritage is a treasure of a society, “which tells common past of members of a society; and which consolidate cooperation and unity affections among them”. Cultural heritage allows persistence of...

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