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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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20 An Analysis of the Employment Policy in Turkey

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Menekşe Şahin

20   An Analysis of the Employment Policy in Turkey

Introduction

Employment is a key tool in the creation of wealth and in its fair distribution. Therefore, developing employment policies with the aim of ensuring full employment and combating unemployment is one of the priorities of the state. Employment policies mean the planning of practices aimed at resolving problems caused by the imbalance of supply and demand in labour by sustaining growth and ensuring stability in an economy. In other words, these policies cover increasing the welfare level by ensuring economic growth and stability, enabling justice in income distribution, and equality of opportunities in society, using the factors of production effectively, combating the negativities caused by poverty and unemployment, and the principles, rules, and procedures enabling individuals to live their lives in accordance with human dignity.

It is possible to evaluate economic policies as macroeconomic policies and microeconomic policies in the fight against unemployment. While macroeconomic policies comprise monetary, fiscal, and income policies, it is possible to describe microeconomic policies as active and passive employment policies. The common points in macroeconomic policies are achieving full employment through gains such as economic growth, stability, and equitable income distribution. Positive results from macro-level unemployment policies depend on achieving a stable and high economic growth (Kasapoğlu & Murat, 2018a: 264). Microeconomic policies are policies to solve the problems caused by unemployment, increase employment and ensure full employment. These policies consist of the...

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