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Variability in Perspectives on Current Issues in Social Sciences

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Daniel Bešina

Social and human sciences are currently in a special position. On the one hand, they are subject to frequent doubts and mistrust while on the other hand, there is a view that the 21st century will be a century of social and human sciences, addressing their importance in solving key cultural and social issues of humanity.

In general, however, we can observe a decreasing interest in human and social sciences. The authors of the book believe that the rejection of the importance of human sciences is based on a fundamental misconception of facts. Society's education and culture is a prerequisite for the economic level of each country. Innovation is not only a matter of technical importance; it is equally important to understand human cultural behaviour in the broadest possible context.

This book presents studies in selected topics from social, human and historical sciences that demonstrate the relevance of the research in the area under consideration. The contributors to this book are researchers in the departments of Archaeology, Ethnology and Folklore, History, Culture and Tourism Management of Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra.

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A contribution on the historical demography of Kysuce based on the example of the village of Oščadnica

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Abstract: The chapter describes the population analysis in the catholic parish of Oščadnica in Kysuce region in the 19th century. The research was established especially on the analysis of church registers of births, marriages and burials. Researched majority population lived in depression of the creek Oščadnica and the rest of villagers occupied the surrounding solitudes (kopanice). The aim is to summarize the development of population growth, births, and deaths in Oščadnica in the19th century.

Keywords: History, demography, deaths, births, jobs, Oščadnica

Location and delimitation of territory1

The villag e of Oščadnica is located in the south of the Kysuce region in the Čadca district near the border with Poland and the Czech Republic. Oščadnica neighbors the villages of Skalité, Svrčinovec, Čierne, Zborov nad Bystricou, Klubina and the towns of Čadca and Krásno nad Kysucou. The village forms a typical chainlike pattern and along with its remote settlements is 14 kilometers long.2

Population is concentrated along the stream in the Oščadničanka valley and in the former remote settlements and mountain hamlets of Kubuši, Zagrapa, Michajkovia, Rovné, Beskydok, Svancari, Košariská, Peniaci, Vreščovka, Furmanec, Hanzlov, Magura, Čertež, Kubánkovia, Zvonári, Komanovky, Gošíci, Zadedová, Haladeji, Lalíci, Prední a Zadní Moskali, Vojtúšiza Dedovou and Košariská pod Račou.3

The stream has tributaries on both sides, the largest of them are, on the left, the Hanzlov,...

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