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Variability in Perspectives on Current Issues in Social Sciences

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Daniel Bešina

Social and human sciences are currently in a special position. On the one hand, they are subject to frequent doubts and mistrust while on the other hand, there is a view that the 21st century will be a century of social and human sciences, addressing their importance in solving key cultural and social issues of humanity.

In general, however, we can observe a decreasing interest in human and social sciences. The authors of the book believe that the rejection of the importance of human sciences is based on a fundamental misconception of facts. Society's education and culture is a prerequisite for the economic level of each country. Innovation is not only a matter of technical importance; it is equally important to understand human cultural behaviour in the broadest possible context.

This book presents studies in selected topics from social, human and historical sciences that demonstrate the relevance of the research in the area under consideration. The contributors to this book are researchers in the departments of Archaeology, Ethnology and Folklore, History, Culture and Tourism Management of Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra.

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The development of the choreographic production of folklore ensembles in the Slovak folklore movement from the point of view of period dance esthetics in the second half of the 20th century

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Abstract: Since the late 1940s, when we can talk about the beginning of the most striking wave of scenic folklorism in Slovakia, there have been many indirect testimonies in the literature about how folk dance choreography has evolved. However, the criticism that the choreographic work is facing today does not appear for the first time in the history of the folklore movement. The first serious level of debates about the professional direction of the folklore movement rose in the 1970s and 1980s. Leading representatives of ethnology, ethnochoreology, choreography and personalities of the folklore movement in Slovakia have noticed the need to guide the work of folk ensembles. This chapter aims to contribute to the debate by a retrospective view of choreographic work in the second half of the 20th century and its overlaps into the choreographic work of the present generation of creators.

Keywords: Choreographic work, stage folk dance, folklore movement

Stage folklorism in Slovakia has been the most popula r form in the representation of traditional folk culture for more than half a century. Amateur folklore ensembles, through choreographies of folk dance, are the main exponents of dance and music folklore (and other types of folk art) specific to a locality or region of Slovakia. Various forms of the representation of traditional folk culture on stage, via which the choreographic work in folklore ensembles in the history of the folklore movement1 has usually been performed, have influenced the opinions and tastes of consumers...

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