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Diachrone Varietätenlinguistik: Theorie, Methoden, Anwendungen

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Edited By Carolin Patzelt and Elton Prifti

Dieser Band widmet sich der Diskussion von Theorien und Methodiken einer diachron orientierten Varietätenlinguistik. Ausgangspunkt der hier versammelten Beiträge ist dabei die These, dass die Geschichtsschreibung einer Sprache sich nicht nur auf eine exemplarische (Standard-)Varietät beziehen darf, sondern dass die systematische Berücksichtigung sprachlicher Heterogenität gerade auch in diachronen Studien unabdingbar ist. Vor diesem Hintergrund arbeiten die AutorInnen in ihren Beiträgen theoretische und methodische Probleme und Perspektiven einer zeitgemäßen diachronen Varietätenlinguistik heraus und illustrieren diese anhand konkreter Fallbeispiele aus der gesamten Romania.

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Neues zur Entstehung und Ausbreitung der Konstruktion mit SER FOCALIZADOR. Ein Plädoyer für die afrohispanische Hypothese (Miguel Gutiérrez Maté )

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Miguel Gutiérrez Maté (Augsburg)

Abstract: This paper deals with the origins and diffusion of the so-called ser focalizador (SF) (focalizing to be) in Latin American Spanish. This construction has been proven to be substantially different from the wh-cleft type, which enables us to study both constructions separately and suggest that the SF construction does not simply result from wh-clefts being reduced as a consequence of regular internal linguistic change (by means of routinisation and subsequent erosion of linguistic material). Both the syntactic properties of the verb to be, which functions as a sort of (inflected) focus particle within the SF construction, and the diatopic distribution of SF (especially frequent in some Caribbean varieties of Spanish) can be better explained by also taking into account the contact with Niger-Congo-languages. These languages usually have focus particles and were massively introduced in the Caribbean with the Atlantic slave trade. The origins of SF could thus be traced back to the colonial era, even though the construction has not been attested yet in written texts before the mid-19th century, when it had already lost its original ethnolectal (‘Afro’) markedness and apparently become a feature of casual speech in some Caribbean and extra-Caribbean varieties. However, new data from traditional varieties of Palenquero Creole reveal themselves as extraordinarily helpful to reconstruct the early stages of this particular kind of linguistic transference.

Keywords: focus marking,  contact-induced change,  Varietätenkette, Caribbean Spanish,  Palenquero Creole

Eine der syntaktischen Besonderheiten des karibischen Spanischen...

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