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Scotland and Arbroath 1320 – 2020

700 Years of Fighting for Freedom, Sovereignty, and Independence


Edited By Klaus Peter Müller

700 years of people in Scotland, England, Europe, and the world fighting for freedom, sovereignty, independence and justice are investigated in the essential periods and cultures since the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath: the Middle Ages, the Reformation and Early Modern Age, the English Revolution, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Cultural, media, political, and social studies, history, the law, art, philosophy, and literature are used for an analysis of the evolution of human rights, democracy, freedom, individual as well as national independence and justice in connection with past and present threats to them. Threats from politics, the economy, digitalisation, artificial intelligence, people's ignorance.


With contributions by Alasdair Allan MSP, Christopher J. Berry, Neil Blain, Alexander Broadie FRSE, Dauvit Broun, Mark P. Bruce, Ewen A. Cameron, Robert Crawford, Ian Duncan, Richard J. Finlay, David Forrest, Edouard Gaudot, Marjory Harper, Sarah Longlands, Ben McConville, David McCrone, Aileen McHarg, John Morrison, Klaus Peter Müller, Hugh O’Donnell, Murray Pittock, Anthony Salamone, David R. Sorensen, Silke Stroh, Christopher A. Whatley and Ben Wray.

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Utopia in an Age of Apocalypse: A Reflection on the Politics of Europe and Ecology (Edouard Gaudot (Paris/Brussels))


Edouard Gaudot (Paris/Brussels)

Utopia in an Age of Apocalypse: A Reflection on the Politics of Europe and Ecology

Abstract: The nature of our times makes it highly difficult for politics to come forth with a mobilising project. Hence we do find ourselves trapped by the strong resurgence of the old narratives of nation and growth, fuelled by the anxieties of globalisation. This calls for an urgent reorientation of our political polarities, a renewed ‘utopia’. Europe could provide this – only if we resist the traditional temptation to make it the ‘end of history’ and for this connect it with ecology.

Keywords: History; Arbroath; EU; apocalypse; utopia; politics; ecology; narrative; nation; globalisation; growth; economy; hope; illusion myths; truth; power; culture; freedom; independence; sovereignty; motivation; Bruno; Latour; Brexit

“Hope […] it is the quintessential human delusion, simultaneously the source of your greatest strength, and your greatest weakness.” (The Architect to Neo in Matrix reloaded, dir. Andy & Larry Wachowski, Warner Bros. Pictures 2003)

“Wer dachte dass die Zeit für große Erzählungen vorbei sei hat sich verirrt. […] Das Elend der großen Erzählungen herkömmlicher Machart liegt keineswegs darin, dass sie zu groß sondern darin, dass sie nicht groß genug waren.” (Sloterdijk 2005)

0. Apocalypse is not what we think. Mostly reduced to one of its spectacularly destructive episodes, the battle of Armageddon, it has actually not that much to do with the ‘End of the world’. Apocalypsis, as...

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