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Lógos and Máthēma 2

Studies in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

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Roman Murawski

The volume consists of thirteen papers devoted to various problems of the philosophy of logic and mathematics. They can be divided into two groups. The first group contains papers devoted to some general problems of the philosophy of mathematics whereas the second group – papers devoted to the history of logic in Poland and to the work of Polish logicians and math-ematicians in the philosophy of mathematics and logic. Among considered problems are: meaning of reverse mathematics, proof in mathematics, the status of Church’s Thesis, phenomenology in the philosophy of mathematics, mathematics vs. theology, the problem of truth, philosophy of logic and mathematics in the interwar Poland.
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Mathematical Foundations and Logic in Reborn Poland

Mathematical Foundations and Logic in Reborn Poland

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Since 1795, there existed no Poland as a sovereign state – in this year the third and the last of the three 18th-century partitions of Poland ended the existence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (earlier ones took place, resp., in 1772 and 1790). The partitions were conducted by the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and Habsburg Austria, which divided up the Commonwealth lands among themselves progressively in the process of territorial seizures. The cultural situation in each of the occupied parts was different.

The relatively most liberal atmosphere was in the Austro-Hungarian part. There existed two universities: University of Cracow and University of Lvov. The University of Cracow (it acquired its modern name: the Jagiellonian University in 1817) was organized according to the Austrian model, and German was the language of tuition. In the second half of the 19th century, when Austria granted the Poles in Galicia an actual autonomy, crucial changes in the university’s situation led to a substantial growth of its scholarly and social significance. Polish was reinstated as the language of tuition. There was a rapid development in both sciences and humanities.

The University of Lvov was founded in 1784, closed in 1805 and reopened in 1817 as a German university. Since the 1870s there took place gradual Polonization of it – Polish was allowed as the language of instruction. Before the First World War, it made its mark especially in the humanities.

The situation in the Russian and Prussian parts was much...

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