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Language, Heart, and Mind

Studies at the intersection of emotion and cognition

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Edited By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Valeria Monello and Marco Venuti

A major premise of this book is that language use is critically conditioned by affective content and cognitive factors rather than being a case of objective computation and manipulation of structures. The 21 chapters of this book deals with how language interacts with emotion, and with mind and cognition, from both intralingual and cross-linguistic perspectives. The second major focus is the theoretical framework, best-suited for research relationships between language, cognition, and emotion as well as the effect that emotion has on the conceptualizer who constructs meanings based on language stimuli. Furthermore, the authors investigate how emotion and rational projections of events interact and what their consequences are in the conceptual world, media discourse, and translation.

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13. Metaphors for Regulating Emotions – A Cognitive Corpus-Based Study of English, Italian, and Polish (Marcin Trojszczak and Chiara Astrid Gebbia)

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Marcin Trojszczak and Chiara Astrid Gebbia

Abstract The objective of this study is to present selected metaphorical conceptualisations of inhibiting unwanted emotions based on the data from language corpora of English, Italian, and Polish. More specifically, it investigates which physical activities are used to conceptualise inhibiting basic emotions, that is anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness/joy, surprise. The study combines the theoretical frameworks of Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Theory of Objectification with the methodological workbench of corpus linguistics. Sixteen metaphorical conceptualisations which include, among others, inhibiting unwanted emotion is hiding it or inhibiting unwanted emotion is pressing it back/down or inhibiting unwanted emotion is moving it away are discussed. Moreover, the study addresses the issues of their conceptual motivations as well as cross-linguistic differences and similarities.

Keywords: Conceptual metaphor, Objectification, Metaphorical conceptualisation, Emotion regulation, Unwanted emotions, Basic emotions, Italian, Polish, English

Conceptualisation of emotions is arguably one of the most widely studied subjects in contemporary cognitive linguistics. The plethora of studies including the pioneering works on metaphorical conceptualisations of emotions by Kövecses (1986, 1990, 2000), as well as other cross-linguistic and contrastive studies (see, for instance, Yu, 1995; Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk & Wilson, 2010; Ansah, 2014) have unearthed an array of universal and culture-specific images and factors that shape the way humans from various parts of the world conceive of their emotional processes.

Although the research carried out so far have covered a wide range of emotional processes and their dimensions (see, for instance,...

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